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Other crime or violence

Foreign Object Insertion in Sexual Homicide: A New Perspective

Certain violent offenders—especially sexual homicide offenders (SHOs)—have been reported to engage in specific acts at the crime scene that are unnecessary to successfully commit the crime but may serve a psychological need for the offender (e.g., sexual gratification). In studies of sadistic sex offenders—many of whom had killed their victims—the rate of cases where the offender involuntarily inserted an object into any orifice of the victim (foreign object insertion, FOI), reported to be as high as 40% to 65% (Dietz et al., 1990; Warren et al., 1996).

Intimate Partner Violence and Subsequent Violent Offending Among Handgun Purchasers
lstep2 Thu, 04/07/2022 - 12:13 pm
Intimate Partner Violence and Intimate Partner Homicide: Development of a Typology Based on Psychosocial Characteristics

Studies on intimate partner violence (IPV) have put forth several different profiles of perpetrators of IPV based on the severity of the violence and the presence of psychopathology. The objective of this study was to develop a typology of perpetrators of IPV and intimate partner homicide (IPH) according to their criminological, situational, and psychological characteristics, such as alexithymia.

lstep2 Mon, 10/11/2021 - 03:05 pm
Integrating the Literature on Lethal Violence: A Comparison of Mass Murder, Homicide, and Homicide-Suicide

With 43 attacks claiming over 200 victims, mass killings reached a forty-year high in 2019 (AP/USA TODAY/Northeastern University, 2019). Defined as the killing of four or more individuals (excluding the offender) within 24 hours, mass murders are incredibly rare events that account for less than 1% of all homicides (Krouse & Richardson, 2015). Despite their rarity, mass killings disproportionately impact policy

lstep2 Sun, 07/11/2021 - 09:15 pm

Retained bullets after firearm injury: A survey on surgeon practice patterns

Firearm trauma has remained a major cause of injury related deaths in the United States, with more than 39,000 firearm fatalities estimated in 2017 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). In addition, for the annual 95,000 patients who survive a firearm injury (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018), recovery is often complex and can require medical, legal, and psychological intervention (Greenspan & Kellermann, 2002). A wealth of data exists on managing firearm trauma, but less focus has been given to the bullet itself.

Mosaic or melting pot? Race and juror decision making in Canada and the United States

Both Canada and the U.S. experience a dramatic overrepresentation of certain racial groups in the criminal justice system. For example, in the United States, Black persons comprise 37.9% of the federally incarcerated population (Federal Bureau of Prisons, 2016), but only 13.3% of the general population (United States Census Bureau, 2016). Native Americans are also overrepresented, comprising 2.1% of the federal prison population (Federal Bureau of Prisons, 2016) and 1.2% of the general population (United States Census Bureau, 2016).

lstep2 Thu, 07/23/2020 - 08:47 am
Do you believe your partner is capable of killing you? An examination of female IPV survivors’ perceptions of fatality risk indicators

Intimate partner violence (IPV) continues to impact the health of millions of women in the United States. On average, 1.3 million nonfatal IPV victimizations occur annually in the U.S., and over three-fourths of these incidences involve a female victim (Reaves, 2017). In the U.S., homicide is a leading cause of death among women below the age of 45 years (Logan et al., 2011), and prior research has found that roughly half of these murders are inflicted by an intimate partner (Fridel & Fox, 2019; Jack et al., 2018).

lstep2 Wed, 07/22/2020 - 04:25 pm
Risk factors for male perpetration and female victimization of intimate partner homicide: A Meta-Analysis

Approximately 13.5% of all homicides worldwide are committed by a current or former intimate partner (Stöckl et al., 2013). When examining gender differences in global IPH victimization, data reports that approximately 38.6% of homicides committed against women and 6.3% of homicides committed against men are committed by an intimate partner (Stöckl et al., 2013).

lstep2 Wed, 07/22/2020 - 04:09 pm
Rural child maltreatment: A scoping literature review.

Child abuse and neglect are significant issues in the United States, with one in three children subject to a child protective services investigation by their 18th birthday (Kim et al., 2016). Maltreatment is associated with a host of negative outcomes for children, lasting long into adulthood, including higher rates of depression, anxiety, behavior disorders, suicide attempts, drug use, and risky sexual behaviors (Norman et al., 2012).

lstep2 Thu, 04/23/2020 - 01:31 pm
Intimate partner homicides in the United States, 2003 – 2013: A comparison of immigrants and nonimmigrant victims

Intimate partner homicide (IPH) is a significant public health issue that has negative consequences for families and communities. Evidence is needed to support heterogeneity among groups affected by IPHs.

lstep2 Wed, 04/22/2020 - 11:40 am
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