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Synthesis, Crystal Engineering, and Material Properties of Small-Molecule Organic Semiconductors

Speaker(s) / Presenter(s):
Emma Holland

Abstract: Small-molecule organic materials are of increasing interest for electronic and photonic devices due to their solution processability and tunability, allowing devices to be fabricated at low temperature on flexible substrates and offering utility in specialized applications. This tunability is the result of functionalization through careful synthetic strategy to influence both material properties and solid-state arrangement, both crucial variables in device applications. Functionalization of a core molecule with various substituents allows the fine-tuning of optical and electronic properties, and functionalization with solubilizing groups allows some degree of control over the solid-state order, or crystal packing. These combinations of core chromophores with varying substituents are systematically evaluated to develop structure-function relationships that can be applied to numerous applications. In this work, heteroacenes are investigated for singlet fission and triplet harvesting, with known crystal engineering strategies applied to optimize crystal packing and maximize relevant solid-state interactions. Further, a class of antiaromatic compounds are investigated using the same approaches to build up structure-function relationships and provide insight into the properties of a relatively understudied core molecule.

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